Beyond our scientific publications the SEgroup library contains whitepapers we have written over the years to share our reflections and learning from the change projects we have been supporting. Be inspired! This page gives you access to our knowledge base. You may want to use the search function to find a particular topic.

Reflection-in-Action – Ways Out of the Culture Trap
Klein, L. (2014). The Research Note focusses on the improbability of human cooperation, but refrains from relying too heavily on behavioral or individual approaches. [Research Note]

Project Management Excellence – Enabling Quality In Project Execution
Szalajko G., Dzwonnik G., Klein L., Raue S. (2014).

A new paper by Grzegorz Szalajko, Grzegorz Dzwonnik, Louis Klein and Steve Raue develops a new concept of excellence in project management. The Project Management Excellence Model (PEM) aims to achieve a crucial balance between project execution and project quality. [White Paper Draft]

The Praxeology of Applied Research in Auto-Ethnographical Research Settings
Klein, L., & Weiland, C. A. P. (2014). The Praxeology of Applied Research in Auto-Ethnographical Research Settings. A Case Study of a Radical Learning Journey. In Pasian, B. (Ed.). Designs, Methods and Practices for Research of Project Management, Gower Publishing, Ltd. [Abstract]

Critical Systemic Inquiry
Klein, L., & Weiland, C. A. P. (2014). Critical Systemic Inquiry. In, Mølbjerg Jørgensen, K. & Largacha- Martinez, C. (Eds.). Critical Narrative Inquiry – Ethics, Sustainability and Action, Nova Science Publishers. [Abstract]

Notes on an Ecology of Paradigms
Klein, L. (2013). Notes on an Ecology of Paradigms. Systems Research and Behavioral Science, 30(6), 773–779. [Abstract]

An evolutionary understanding of project complexity - A conversation with Dr. Jon Whitty
The project management body of knowledge is dead. Jon Whitty instead proposes to take an evolutionary perspective on project practice and deconstructs the normative discourse in traditional project management by lending from what biology has taught us about the human genetic code. Starting out from the way projects are constructed in our language, he criticises the illusory power that lies in the conventional project management body of knowledge. [Interview]

Systemic Consulting: a paradigm walk
What good are systemic theories when it comes to consulting management practice? In their conversation, Todd Bowers and Louis Klein go for a systemic paradigm walk. Building on their research, they show how the four conventional paradigms of systemic thinking come into play in the three steps of change management and consulting projects: Exploring the landscape, drafting and sharpening the map and finding a way to engage people step by step. By mastering all paradigms in theory, you can develop a resilient practice, the competence to adapt to any given situation. [Interview]

Project Praxeology - A conversation with Christophe Bredillet
"Instead of theorising what a project is, it is what people actually do in specific situations and context that we may classify as projects". This is how Christophe Bredillet pinpoints the need we have for a paradigm shift towards knowing and performing projects in a praxeological manner. The insufficiencies of rationalist elaborations of project management have become obvious and Bredillet's claims move away from statistical, theoretical excess. In an interview Christophe Bredillet describes projects as co-creative discourse living and accepting complexity. [Interview]

Die Organisation der Personalentwicklung
Klein, Louis (2013).

Die Organisation der Personalentwicklung. Entwicklung und Anwendung eines systemisch-kybernetischen Modells. Carl-Auer Verlag für systemische Forschung, Heidelberg. 111 Seiten. With a preface by Markus Schwaninger. [More information]

Viable Systems Model Revisited - A conversation with Dr. Allenna Leonard
In a conversation with Dr. Louis Klein the renowned consultant and director of the Cwarel Isaf Institute, Dr. Allenna Leonard, explains why the VSM is still of great value if not used in a restrictive way. Combing the history of the development of the model and her own project experiences, Leonard shows how organisations can change towards a desirable state by being enabled to understand themselves and their environment. Balancing vertical control and horizontal autonomy, organisations can accomplish excellence that enables them to continuously adapt to the challenges of an ever-changing environment. [Interview]

Breaking habits: A co-creative approach to organisational processes
Bauder, Brigitte/ Weiland, Christian A. P. (2013)

Processes enable the repetition of a high quality output without total dependence on individual expertise. Very often we find that people in organisations are not aware of existing processes or do not use them because they find them to be unnecessarily complex. This new White Paper argues that common approaches to process "engineering" are often missing that you cannot "build" a standard process which automatically increases productivity, but that a process should aim at supporting the individual people of an unique organisation in their own work and be integrated into the overall operation model. Four critical success factors are introduced: agree on conventions, get users involved, ensure 80/20 operational flexibility and aim for next practices. [White Paper Draft]

Towards a Praxeology of Resilient Project Management - A conceptual framework
Biesenthal, Christopher/ Klein, Louis.

Building on a pragmatic mindset, this paper develops a praxeological meta-theory that allows project managers to use and benefit from all the existing project management theories and apply them in a contextual way. The authors' approach combines a solid theoretical knowledge base and improvisational practices to conceptualise a praxeology of project management. [White Paper Draft]

The next ERP - Organising for selfregulating social complexity
Klein, Louis (2013).

Enterprise resource planning has been a vast success for the last 20 years since the term ERP was coined in 1990. It is time for a next generation of ERP Systems and our research shows how advances in different fields enable the possibility to repeat the initial success of the first generation. [Research Note]

The Nepalese New Year-Bulletin II/2013
New Year's greetings from our office in Nepal's capital Kathmandu! In Nepal New Year is celebrated on the first day of the month Baisakh, mid-April according to the gregorian calender. [The Bulletin]

Management in times of austerity - A conversation with Prof. Timothy F. H. Allen
What can management do in times of austerity? According to Prof. Timothy F. H. Allen, the short answer is increasing efficiency based on an economy of scale. Using his personal home gardening and the history of the Roman Empire as examples, the following interview makes an enlightening systemic plea for smart organising that balances continuous improvement and innovation, excess and austerity. [Interview]

The GRPI model – an approach for team development
Raue, Steve/ Tang, Suk-Han/ Weiland, Christian/ Wenzlik, Claas.

The following paper discusses the GRPI model describing the different dimensions characterising a team - goals, roles, processes and interactions – as a useful approach for team development. [White Paper Draft]

The Chinese New Year-Bulletin I/2013
In the Chinese calendar, the year 2013 starts on February 10. As a transcultural organisation, SEgroup wants to join the festivities and welcomes all of you to the year of the snake. [The Bulletin]

The Three Inevitabilities of Human Being: A conceptual hierarchy model approaching social complexity
Klein, Louis (2012), in: Kybernetes, 41 (7/8), 977 – 984. [Abstract]

Thanksgiving-Bulletin II/2012
Thanksgiving is a time for celebration and reflection after a bountiful harvest. Growth is also a topical subject at the SEgroup. We have several new offices and a number of new consortial partners. This bulletin brings you coprorate news and presents some of our current research on change. [The Bulletin]

Thoughts on Resilient Practice Managing Complexity
Klein. Louis (2013).
This paper analyses and catalyses a discussion about the concept of resilience from a management and organisational science perspective. Gaining insides from psychology and ancient tradition of Zen, resilient practice is a promising answer to the challenges of complexity in project management and beyond. [White Paper Draft]

Cross-Cultural Complex Project Management
Klein, Louis (2012), in: Linger, Henry/Owen, Jill: The Project as a Social System – Asia Pacific Perspectives on Project Management, Monash University Publishing, Victoria, Australia. [Amazon Bookstore]

Social Complexity in Project Management
Klein, Louis (2011/2012).

The following paper shows that analysing social complexity can lead to valuable insights for project management. It explores tools and concepts, which allow a new and successful approach towards project management, balancing technical, political and cultural influences. [White Paper]

Exploring the Organisational Collage of Memetic Paradigms for Change
Klein, Louis (2011).

Building on the work of Niklas Luhmann, this paper explores organizations by putting the processing of meaning as the elementary property of any social system in the centre of investigation, thus developing a new understanding of the conservative nature of organisational development and the systemic sensitivity that allows management, learning and change. [White Paper]

The Yin and Yang of Change
Klein, L., & Wong, T. S. L. (2012). The Yin and Yang of Change: Systemic Efficacy in Change Management. In G. P. Prastacos, F. Wang, & K. E. Soderquist (Eds.), Leadership through the Classics (pp. 475–486). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. [Abstract]

Competitive Social Design – Die Soziale Frage der nächsten Gesellschaft
Klein, Louis (2009), in: Dettling, Daniel/ Schüle, Christian (Hrsg.): Minima Moralia der nächsten Gesellschaft – Standpunkte eines neuen Generationenverrtrags, VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaft, Wiesbaden. [Amazon Bookstore]

Next HPO
Kiehne, Alexander/ Klein, Louis/ Lachenmayer, Jan (2009).

The following paper discusses the concept and applicability of the High Performance Organisation (HPO). It develops a "next practice" orientation with an action-orientated pragmatic approach and bridges the gap to Organisational Integrity as the next necessary step. [White Paper]

Organisational Readiness Check
Klein, Louis (2009).

This paper introduces the Organisational Readiness Check (ORC) as a participatory approach to capacity building within an organisation. Through successful change management it aims to innovate lasting change, taking into account all levels of the organisation. [White Paper]

Organisational Excellence: Die Kompetenz zur Selbst-Innovation
Klein, Louis (2009), in: Henning, Klaus/ Michulitz, Christiane: Unternehmenskybernetik 2020, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin. [Amazon Bookstore]

Exploring the Systemic Conditions of Sustainable Change
Klein, Louis/Tang, Suk-Han (2008), in: Allemandi Conference Press: Changing the Change Design, Visions, Proposals, and Tools Proceedings; in the framework of World design Capital Torino. [Online article]

Leadership 21
Klein, Louis/ Popp, Florian (2008).

Combining insights on leadership, management and entrepreneurship, Leadership 21 calls for the balancing of these three functions, thus allowing for increased potential and efficacy in an organisation's executive management. This is achieved through balancing the individual leader's portfolio as a manager, leader and entrepreneur and by enhancing leaders' overall resilience capability and increasing leaders' efficacy. [White Paper]

In-house Consulting - Die Professionalisierung der Organisationsentwicklung
Klein, Louis (2007), in: Nissen, Volker (Ed.): Consulting Research - Unternehmensberatung aus wissenschaftlicher Perspektive, DUV Gabler Edition Wissenschaft, Wiesbaden. [Amazon Bookstore]

Corporate Consulting - Eine systemische Evaluation interner Beratung
Klein, Louis (2006, 2002), 2. überarbeitete und erweiterte Aufl. Carl-Auer-Systeme Verlag für systemische Forschung, Heidelberg.[Amazon Bookstore]

Führung, Kultur und Kontingenz - Social Design im Kulturdreieck von Werten, Institutionen und Praxis
Klein, Louis (2006), in Bouncken, Ricarda (Ed.): Interkulturelle Kooperation, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin. [Amazon Bookstore]

Erkenne dich selbst, Netzwerk! - Von den Bedingungen der Möglichkeit erfolgreicher Netzwerkentwicklung
Klein, Louis (2005), in Kahle, Egbert,/Wilms, Falko E. P. (Ed.): Effektivität und Effizienz durch Netzwerke, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin. [Amazon Bookstore]

Systemic Inquiry – Exploring Organisations
Klein, Louis (2005), in Kybernetes, Heinz von Förster Vol., MCB University Press, Emerald, Bradford, GB. [Bookstore]

Beyond Corporate Consulting – Vier Optionen für die Zukunft interner Beratung
Klein, Louis (2002), in von Mohe, M./ Heinecke, H.-J. / Pfriem, R. (Ed.): Consulting - Problemlösung als Geschäftsmodell, Klett-Cotta, Stuttgart. [Amazon Bookstore]

Lebensfähige Strukturen der lernenden Organisation
Klein, Louis (1999), in Schwaninger, Markus (Ed.): Intelligente Organisationen, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin. [Amazon Bookstore]